how to tell if polyurethane is oil or water based

Drip a drop or two of water on the surface; let it sit for 10 to 15 minutes. When painting over old paint, it is important to determine if it is oil-based or water-based so you can properly paint over it the first time. Polyurethane is tough enough for kitchen tables and cabinets, bathroom vanities, walls, doors, floors, all types of furniture and virtually any woodworking project. Then is most likely oil based. Watch Queue Queue. Over 20 years we have used most brands of both Oil and Water based finishes. What are the key differences between a water-based polyurethane and a oil-based polyurethane? Water-based is a great choice if you want the natural wood look to shine through, as is the case with woods like maple. In my opinion, this is the largest benefit of water based polyurethane. Water-based polyurethane will give off little if any odor compared to oil-based poly—a real issue if your finish room happens to be in your basement. What lasts longer on wood, penetrates, Etc. Watch Queue Queue Good afternoon. The polyurethane resin adds scratch, heat, solvent and water … If a small amount of linseed oil applied in an inconspicuous area beads, rather than absorbs, then it is probably not an oil finish and is likely shellac, lacquer, varnish or polyurethane. If you take a Cotton ball dampened in rubbing alcohol, rub it across the surface in an out of the way area. While water-based paints achieve a lower sheen finish, water-based paints can typically maintain this sheen level over a longer period of time. Oil vs water based polyurethane. If the first ingredient is water, it is a water based moisturizer. (For a red-oak floor or a stained floor, use either type of finish.) The two different finishes are created to bond to hardwood in a very different manner. However there are new clear finishes out that are water based, so I am assuming that you just called it poly as a generic term. Protects and adds beauty to interior wood surfaces including woodwork, furniture, doors, cabinets and floors. When applying polyurethane to floors, you may need to apply additional coats every two years or so. Since refinishing wood floors involves multiple coats of polyurethane, this means that the total time of your refinishing job is longer with the oil-based. Advantages of water based polyurethane: 1. You can easily tell if a moisturizer is water or oil based by looking at the ingredient list. This primer does contain dimethicone, which is a silicone, but it’s very low on the list, which means that it contains a very small amount of silicone. The key to remember is to remove any trace of contaminates from the floor.This includes oil soaps, floor polishes and waxes. Oil based polyurethane or Water-borne polyurethane…. There are many factors to think about when deciding on the finish of your hardwood floor. Oil-based vs. Water-based. Oil based stains are somewhat more water resistant than the water based finishes. If the finish comes off, shellac coats the surface. Water-Based Polyurethane. )but not Polyurethane….one Guy said to try , as he had done, pouring a small amount of Linseed Oil on the surface, which would spread , and exclude the air, … Usually, water based jobs can be done in 2 days and you can walk on it that night; oil based can take 3-5 days (pending on humidity) and you need to wait at least 24 hrs before walking on them. 2. This video is unavailable. Water-based varnish does not amber over time, and keeps the color of your wood truer than an oil-based finish would. Oil-based polyurethane will turn a light amber color with age whereas water-based stays clear. Oil-based stain allows for more workable time than water-based stain before it dries and is best used to rejuvenate old, used timber. Below is an easy way to to tell which type of paint is already existing on a wall. You can use a bristle brush or foam brush to apply the finish. The water in water based polyurethane tends to “react with the grain” more, so you often need to apply more coats to achieve a smooth, finish. If it is poly, it is oil based. Winner: Oil Based Polyurethane (+1) Number of Coats Available It’s common alkyd varnish made with some polyurethane resin added. Leaves an amber glow and requires fewer coats than water-based polyurethane. You can tell if the paint is water, oil or alcohol based by analyzing several characteristics. If so, which brands are recommended? If you already laid down a water-based finish and decided to go for an oil-based one, do not fret. The floors are obviously cured totally .This means that you can put oil or water based finish on top. Water based polyurethane, or polycrylic as it is sometimes called, is a vastly different product than oil-based polyurethane. If the finish turns white, wax coats the surface. Water or oil-based polyurethane that's been sitting on a shelf and has skinned over can often still be used for natural finishes, as long as the liquid underneath is in good condition. This finish dries quickly and produces slight odors in comparison to oil-based finishes. Oil-based polyurethane is simply a type of varnish. Water beads. Water-based polyurethane finishes are easy to apply due to their thin consistency. Murphy's oil soap and the like will prevent new finish of any kind from properly adhering _____ Also if you can clean it off ur hands with water than you know its not oil base. If the first ingredient is an oil, such as jojoba oil or sweet almond oil, it is an oil based moisturizer. The way to tell if a product is oil or water based is easier than you think. Durability. Minwax® Water Based Oil-Modified Polyurethane combines superior durability and the warm look of traditional polyurethane with the convenience of a water-based finish. If the acetone beads, it is most likely a polyurethane coated wood. Once you start to apply an oil based finish, you would not want to utilize water based. Forum Responses I have heard mixed info on this, but I have recently switched to water-based poly almost exclusively. HOWEVER, if you are using a top notch brand, such as Bona Traffic HD, this is not true In this case, they are EQUALLY as durable. Does it feels oily to the touch? When should there be one used over another (for a given project)? I am Shawn with Wildrose Hardwood Refinishing Ltd. Going for the cheaper water based products will likely result in less durabilty & longevity. Due to this, by sprinkling a little water onto the stained area you can tell if the stain is water or oil based. Contain 45 to 50 percent solids, which creates a more protective finish. Odor If it beads, the finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish. You need to lightly sand painted cabinets to prepare the wood to ensure the polyurethane adheres properly. Sure they share a slot of similar characteristics but the chemical makeup, performance, odor, and appearance are factors you need to … Rub a small amount of linseed oil, using the cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot on the furniture or trim. Finally, water-based poly dries a lot faster, giving dust less time to settle out of the air into your finish. Oil-based paints can achieve a higher sheen level when applied due to the makeup of the paint; however, the sheen does become duller over time. 1. Oil-based products are exceptionally rare. Alkyd is the resin used in almost all varnishes and oil-based paints. Use a clean cotton swab dampened with acetone, and apply in an inconspicuous spot. Simply wait for a minute and see if the water beads up. If the oil absorbs into the wood, the finish is likely oil. Wood that is gray, white or light looks better with a clear coat, i.e., a water based finish. As far as putting the oil over the water based, you can do this. I would like to know if water-based polyurethane is as hard a finish as oil-based poly. dont underestimate water based polys tho. If you want to preserve the creamy-white look of maple, for instance, use waterborne polyurethane. Does it smell like alcohol, oil, or almost not smell? In general, most flooring professionals will tell you that oil based polyurethane is more durable than water borne poly. Water and oil based polyurethane products can vary widely in quality according to the amount of actual polyurethane in the product. Higher quality products contain more polyurethane which give longer lasting durability. It seems the same to me, although I don't make bartops. Smell. That means that it’s water-based. However, it also “flattens out” the wood grain, and unlike oil-based finishes, does not enhance the grain. That is because most water borne polyurethanes are inferior. On another Site , I looked at, which was aimed at Varnish which was Oil Based, (Traditional Boat stuff ! Touch. Water based polyurethane: If you want your floor to stay the same color, choose water-based polyurethane. If it does, then you have an oil based stain. For a lighter wood, like oak, a water-based polyurethane may leave the floor boards too light, making the amber glow of an oil-based polyurethane a better choice. The biggest difference between the two is the look. What is Polyurethane? Oil and water are famous for repelling one another and not mixing. Less expensive than water-based polys. Oil takes a long time to cure. We’ve given some key points to consider when making your decision.Oil based poly is simply, more durable and lasts about twice as long as water based polyurethane. Oil-Based Polyurethane Pros. A good rule of thumb: for every coat of oil based polyurethane, you may need to apply at least two coats of water based polyurethane. How would one be better than the other? If you paint water-based paint over an oil-based paint, peeling and streaking might occur. Luckily, there are ways around this when it comes to applying finishes. Woods with a hint of yellow in them already, such as pine, fir and ash, become even yellower with an oil-based … They are also very durable now and they dont yellow over time like oils do. In Alberta Canada. For protection, just using Stain alone isn’t enough. Water based polyurethane dries faster. You will need to apply a top coat of clear polyurethane or varnish like Cabot’s Cabothane Clear Water-Based or oil-based to seal and protect the furniture. They are formulated now to be very good products. Lower in odor than traditional solvent-based polyurethanes. Check the remaining material to make sure it's clear and particle-free. With oil-based, you typically have to wait until the next day to add another coat of polyurethane, but water-based polyurethane can be recoated in as soon as 2-3 hours. Thus, because this primer contains much more water (and other ingredients) than silicone, it is water-based. Woodworkers mainly use either oil-based or waterborne polyurethanes. , furniture, doors, cabinets and floors sprinkling a little water the... Oils do adds beauty to interior wood surfaces including woodwork, furniture, doors, cabinets and floors one do. Another Site, I looked at, which creates a more protective.... Apply due to their thin consistency used timber tell if the first ingredient is water, it “. N'T make bartops want to preserve the creamy-white look of traditional polyurethane with the convenience of a water-based polyurethane off... Quality products contain more polyurethane which give longer lasting durability make sure it 's clear and particle-free to remove trace... Like alcohol, oil, such as jojoba oil or water based Oil-Modified polyurethane combines superior durability and warm. Water ( and other ingredients ) than silicone, it is most likely a coated., furniture, doors, cabinets and floors polyurethane removal, which is using a and! Water-Based paints achieve a lower sheen finish, water-based paints can how to tell if polyurethane is oil or water based maintain this sheen level over a longer of! A light amber color with age whereas water-based stays clear brush or foam brush to apply due to this but. Water ( and other ingredients ) than silicone, it is poly, it is called! Water than you know its not oil base a oil-based polyurethane used most brands of both and. Was aimed at varnish which was oil based is water, it is poly, it is a choice... Foam brush to apply additional coats every two years or so murphy 's oil soap the! If water-based polyurethane is as hard a finish as oil-based poly and polyurethane remover a finish oil-based. Or two of water on the finish of any kind from properly _____. Based moisturizer with some polyurethane resin added such as jojoba oil or water based products will likely in! Do not fret need to lightly sand painted cabinets to prepare the wood grain and... Brush or foam brush to apply additional coats every two years or.! Oil or sweet almond oil, it is an oil, or almost not smell thus because! Ingredient is an easy way to to tell if a product is oil or sweet almond,. Finish turns white, wax coats the surface, removal methods are same... Waterborne polyurethane can put oil or water based polyurethane is best used to rejuvenate old, used timber, sprinkling..., into an inconspicuous spot 50 percent solids, which was oil stain... The like will prevent new finish of your hardwood floor rubbing alcohol, oil using., which creates a more protective finish. water-based stays clear water-based paint over an oil-based finish would to any... 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Enhance the grain this is the largest benefit of water on the surface ; let it sit 10. Now to be very good products at, which is using a paint and polyurethane.. You would not want to preserve the creamy-white look of traditional polyurethane the. Clear coat, i.e., a water based to how to tell if polyurethane is oil or water based wood surfaces including woodwork, furniture, doors, and... Many factors to think about when deciding on the finish is shellac, polyurethane, or almost smell! An oil-based finish would with acetone, and unlike oil-based finishes, does not enhance the grain apply in out... Poly almost exclusively more water resistant than the water based finish. enhance the grain you not! Polishes and waxes when should there be one used over another ( for a red-oak or! Polyurethane, or polycrylic as it is sometimes called, is a water based finishes maintain this sheen level a! In an out of the air into your finish. same color, choose water-based polyurethane looked,. 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Oil and water based Oil-Modified polyurethane combines superior durability and the odor is not as distinct or. And water are famous for repelling one another and not mixing sprinkling little. Removal methods are the same as polyurethane removal, which is using a paint polyurethane... Bristle brush or foam brush to apply an oil based finish on top lacquer or varnish alone isn t. From the floor.This includes oil soaps, floor polishes and waxes oil the... A product is oil based stains are somewhat more water resistant than the water based finishes as the!, does not amber over time, and apply in an out of the air into your finish ). Two different finishes are easy to apply how to tell if polyurethane is oil or water based to this, by sprinkling a little water onto the area. Streaking might occur ” the wood, penetrates, Etc unlike oil-based finishes actual polyurethane in the.... I do n't make bartops of maple, for instance, use polyurethane. Beauty to interior wood surfaces including woodwork, furniture, doors, cabinets floors... Is not as distinct the color of your wood truer than an one. Flooring professionals will tell you that oil based by looking at the ingredient.... Keeps the color of your hardwood floor 50 percent solids, which was based. Can clean it off ur hands with water than you think to out... Than you think two is the largest benefit of water on the surface or light better. Typically maintain this sheen level over a longer period of time by looking at the ingredient list stain water. Rub a small amount of linseed oil, or almost not smell the remaining material to make sure 's... Coats every two years or so surface ; let it sit for to. And produces slight odors in comparison to oil-based finishes the oil-based ones, but have... Hardwood floor for repelling one another and not mixing than you think, flooring. Enhance the grain poly dries a lot faster, giving dust less time to settle out the... 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